Online Class General Information

Glossary of Computer and Internet Terminology

Click on one of the links below to quickly jump to a word that begins with a specific letter:       

A - C  D - F G - HI - M N - R  S - UV - Z
             

Term

Definition

Adware 
AsynchronousInternet communication not taking place in "real time;" can be equated to leaving someone a voice mail message.
Baud rateTells how fast data is transmitted over a modem in bits per second; some common modem speeds are 14.4, 28.8, and 56k.
Body of the e-mailThe main message of the email.
BookmarkMost browsers will allow you to mark web pages you want to frequently visit and add them to a list so that you may more easily revisit those pages at a later time; also called "favorites" by some browsers.
BrowseThis is simply one way to refer to visiting multiple pages on the Internet; also referred to as "surfing the net".
Chat 
ClickTo tap on a button on the left hand side of your mouse, pressing it down and then immediately releasing it-usually with your pointer finger.
CookiesA message given to a Web browser by a Web server. The browser stores the message in a text file. The message is then sent back to the server each time the browser requests a page from the server. The main purpose of cookies is to identify users and possibly prepare customized Web pages for them.

Return to the Top

Term

Definition

DomainThe part of an e-mail address or URL that specifies the "owner" and/or location of the server which is holding a person's e-mail or the server being accessed on the Internet; e.g. "centralaz.edu" tells you that the server is at Central Arizona College and that it is a educational site; others that you may see include ".com" for commercial  or ".gov" for governmental.
DownloadThe process of taking a file from the Internet and placing it on your computer so that you can access it at another time, even if you are not connected to the Internet.
E-mailElectronic mail; mail sent from one computer to another over the Internet; as opposed to snail mail which is mail sent through the U.S. Postal Service.
E-mail communicationThe messages that students and instructors send and receive between their computers using the Internet/Email provider.
FAQFrequently Asked Questions
FileWork that you do at the computer which can be stored on the computer hard drive and on a disk or in Blackboard.
Flame mailDerogatory and/or insulting e-mail sent to an individual.
FormA web page on which you can type your answers and then electronically submit your responses over the Internet.

Return to the Top

Term

Definition

GIFGraphics Interchange Format; one of the two most popular ways to save and display graphics on the Internet; these graphics can be animated; e.g. picture.gif; the other format is JPEG.
HomepageThe "main" web page relating to an individual or institution; from this web page a user can usually maneuver around the rest of that Internet site just by following links.
HTMLHyperText Mark-up Language; the language or "code" that web pages are written in; web pages are then stored as .htm or .html files; web browsers are able to read and display these files.
Hybrid
Hyperlink/linkThe colored and underlined text on a web page that allows a user to maneuver around the Internet; clicking on a link takes a user to another web page anywhere on the Internet whether it be somewhere on the same Internet site or on another; sometimes graphics can also be links; you'll know an object is a link when your mouse arrow changes to a pointing hand.

 Return to the Top

Term

Definition

Instant messaging 
Internet

A world wide, online computer network that provides a way for people to communicate with each other. 

Internet site

A collection of web pages on the Internet all relating to a common topic; for instance, CAC has an Internet site which contains web pages covering topics ranging from online classes to sports to student and campus information.

ISP

Internet Service Provider; A company which gives individuals access to the Internet for a fee.

JPEG

Joint Photographic Experts Group; one of the two most popular ways to save and display graphics on the Internet; e.g. picture.jpg; the other format is GIF.

Modem

Modulator/demodulator; a device which changes computer data into a format that can be sent over the phone lines and then back again.

 Return to the Top
TermDefinition
Netiquette
Etiquette for the Internet; for instance TYPING IN ALL CAPITAL LETTERS is the equivalent of shouting when using any form of Internet communication; another example is typing in a smiley  :-)  to soften something you've said (tilt your head to the left to see the smiley face!)
OnlineAccessible via computer over the Internet rather than paper.
Online serviceSimilar to an Internet Service Provider (ISP) but providing additional content and resources which are available only to members.  America Online (AOL) is an example of an online service.
O/SOperating System; the software that controls the main functions of your computer, including installing and using software and hardware; Windows 98, Windows XP, Windows Vista and Mac OS 10 are examples.
PDFPortable Document Format; according to the developer, Adobe, this format allows you to "create and share documents across platforms while maintaining the documents' original look and feel"; required software to view these files can be downloaded for free at http://www.adobe.com
Registering
The process of signing up for a course with the Registrar’s office. Being registered means that the college has you on record as being signed up for the class. Once you register for a class, you will be enrolled in the Blackboard class within 24 hours. This means the class will show up in your Blackboard account if the Instructor has made the class available to students.
Right-clickTo tap the button on the right hand side of your mouse.
RTFRich Text Format; a generic way of saving word processing documents so that practically any other word processor can read that same file; e.g. document.rtf.
Return to the Top
TermDefinition
ScrollOnce the screen is full, each new line appears at the edge of the screen and all other lines move over one position. For example, when you scroll down, each new line appears at the bottom of the screen and all the other lines move up one row, so that the top line disappears. You scroll up or down by clicking on the bar on the right side of the screen, holding your finger down, and then moving your mouse to make the bar go up or down.
ServerA computer that holds and distributes the web pages and information that one accesses on the Internet.
SpamSimply put, this is "junk" e-mail that can potentially waste space on either your computer, the server that stores your e-mail, or both.
Spyware
Supplement
SynchronousInternet communication taking place in "real time;" can be equated to talking to someone on the telephone.
Subject line
The part of the email that identifies what the message is about, or the part of a Discussion Board posting that identifies what your topic is. 
URLUniform Resource Locator; the address assigned to the specific page you would like to view on the Internet; e.g. http://www.centralaz.edu

 Return to the Top

TermDefinition
Virtual classroom 
VirusPrograms created to cause damage to another person's computer; it is highly recommended to purchase anti-virus software which is designed to detect these programs before they have a chance to cause harm and can be purchased at almost any computer store.
Web browserSoftware needed to access and view pages on the Internet; recommended examples are Netscape 6.2 or Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 or above.
Web pageA "document" on the World Wide Web that may contain text, graphics, audio, video, links, and other such elements; each web page has its own URL; these can be grouped together to form an Internet site
Word processing programA program that allows you to create a document, store it on a hard drive or disk, display it on a screen and modify it. Common word processing programs are Microsoft Word or Corel WordPerfect.
World Wide WebWWW; also known as the Web; the "graphical" component of the Internet.

 Return to the Top


Content on this page is provided by Online Learning Support.

Central Arizona College - District Office 8470 N. Overfield Road, Coolidge, AZ 85128 Phone: 800-237-9814